Thursday, October 23, 2014

How Many Languages in Ethiopia?

There are 90 individual languages of Ethiopia according to Ethnologue, with the 1994 Ethiopian census indicating that some 77 tongues were spoken locally. Most of these languages belong to the Afro-Asiatic family (Semitic and Cushitic; Omotic languages are also spoken, though their classification is uncertain). Additionally, Nilo-Saharan languages are spoken by the nation's Nilotic ethnic minorities.
English is the most widely spoken foreign language and is the medium of instruction in secondary schools and universities. Amharic was the language of primary school instruction, but has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as Oromo and Tigrinya.
According to the 2007 Ethiopian census, the largest first languages are: Oromigna 24,929,268 speakers or 33.8% of the total population; Amharic 21,631,370 or 29.33% (official language; Somali 4,609,274 or 6.25%; Tigrinya 4,324,476 or 5.86%; Sidamo 2,981,471 or 4.84%; Wolaytta 1,627,784 or 2.21%, Gurage 1,481,783 or 2.01%; and Afar 1,281,278 or 1.74%. Widely-spoken foreign languages include Arabic and English (major foreign language taught in schools)
Ethiopian languages:
Aari
Afar (also in Eritrea and in Djibouti)
Agaw
Alaba
Amharic (the official language; also spoken in Eritrea, Sudan and other countries)
Anfillo
Anuak (also in Sudan)
Arbore
Argobba
Awngi, incl. dialect Kunfal
Baiso
Bambassi
Basketo
Bench
Berta
Boro, also called Shinasha
Burji
Bussa
Chaha (Sebat Bet)
Chara
Daasanach (also in Kenya)
Dime
Dirasha
Dizi
Dorze
Ezha
Gafat (extinct)
Gamo-Gofa-Dawro
Ganza
Gawwada
Gayil
Ge’ez (extinct, liturgical)
Gedeo
Goggot
Gumer
Gumuz
Gura
Gyeto
Hadiyya
Hamer-Banna
Harari
Hozo
Indegen
Iner
Inor
Kachama-Ganjule
Kacipo-Balesi (also in Sudan)
Kafa
Kambaata
Karo
Komo
Konso
Koorete
Kwama
Kwegu
Libido
Majang
Male
Me’en
Melo
Mesmes (extinct)
Mesqan
Muher
Murle (also in Sudan)
Mursi language
Nayi
Nuer language (also in Sudan)
Nyangatom
Ongota (moribund; possibly Omotic or its own branch of Afro-Asiatic or not Afro-Asiatic at all)
Opuuo
Oromo (also in Kenya)
Oyda
Qimant
Rer Bare (extinct, maybe Bantu)
Saho (also in Eritrea)
Seze
Shabo
Shekkacho
Sheko
Sidamo
Siltie (Ulbareg, Inneqor)
Soddo
Somali (also in Somalia)
Suri
Tigre (also in Eritrea)
Tigrinya (also in Eritrea)
Tsamai
Uduk (also in Sudan)
Weyto (extinct)
Wolane
Wolaytta
Xamtanga
Yemsa
Zay
Zayse-Zergulla
These are the widely known languages in Ethiopia and many more known and less known languages Ethiopia have.